fo travel from one hand to the other. That can be determined bv C""llytossing a coin from one hand to the other. The shuttle pass popularized by David Roth is another coin move Lnendent on timing. In this case, the right hand pretends to transfer coin to the left. Actually the coin is retained in the right hand while ie left hand brings into view a different coin previously palmed there. The action of the two hands must be coordinated so that the second coin is brought into view neither too soon nor too late. If the ^e relationship between the actions of the two hands is just right, the original coin almost seems never to have gone out of sight. The retention vanish of a coin is yet another good example of the need for split-second timing in the relationship between right-hand action and left-hand action. In this case, the right hand starts to place a coin in the left hand but secretly withdraws the coin just as the left fingers close. The critical time relationship here is between the closing of the left fingers and the retraction of the coin by the right fingers. If the right-hand retraction begins before the loft fingers arc adequately closed, the withdrawal of the coin will be visible. If the right-hand retraction starts too long after the left fingers close, the visual retention illusion is lost.

Almost every card magician has heard that the strike second denl is dependent on timing to achieve the right illusion. I doubt if one in a hundred understands what that means. Yet, the concept is really very simple. You have to coordinate the time relationship between the actions of the two thumbs, the left thumb in pushing over the top card and the right thumb in striking the second card. The common error is to push the top card over too long before the striking action. Actually, the left thumb should not push over the top card until the merest instant before the right thumb contacts the deck. In this way, the push-over action is invisible to the viewer (hidden behind the right thumb) and it appears that the top card is the only one the right thumb could have contacted. Of course, if you wait toj long before starting the push-off, you'll end up really dealing the top card.

The second deal provides an example of where the timing goal is very easy to understand but very difficult to achieve. However, if you don't first understand the timing concept involved you'll never achieve the desired illusion no matter how many years you practice. The classic force provides a very unusual example of timing in sleight of hand because it does not involve the time relat.onsh.p hetween right-hand action and left- hand action, but rather the trne re a-tionship between the action of the spectators hand and those of the performer's hands.

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