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After Hours Magic: A Book of Al Thatcher Card Magic

Encyclopedia of Card Tricks

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I have attempted to give some credit where it is due, as I am aware it is due. I hesitate to mention the sources where I have learned some of the material when I know it is not the original source. For example, basic overhand shuffling controls, the jog, break and packet pick-up were techniques I learned from independent sources and I am not aware of the origin of these techniques. Many of the other techniques, while I discovered them independently, or worked out my techniques independently do of course date back a considerable period to one author or creator or another. Naturally, the first in print is not necessarily the first inventor of the technique, but I would like to note a few in particular.

The following are specific to the particular part in question:

Both the method and controls for Overhand and Hindu shuffling are, as far as I know, too old to verify the creators, though a relative early reference for some of the material might be "Royal Road to Card Magic" by Jean Hugard and Fredrick Braue. Most of it is certainly much older though.

The Mirror Shuffle is simply a mathematical principle to which I owe my personal credit to Mr. Lennart Green.

Pick-up shuffling and its variations are an independent creation of my own but the principle is so simple it must surely have been developed earlier.

The circulation shuffle is a creation of Mr. Lennart Green.

The earliest reference in print to false shuffles is Reginald Scot's "Discoverie of Witchcraft" in 1584. This was, as I understand it, merely a reference though it apparently referred specifically to an overhand shuffle. The first full deck overhand shuffle in print according to the brief bit of research I've done is the G.W. Hunter shuffle found in "Greater Magic", 1938.

Riffle shuffling is likewise too old a method to track effectively; perhaps a student and scholar of pasteboard history might shed some light on the subject.

The Faro shuffle was, I understand, pioneered by Nate Leipzig, though of course, the principle is fairly simple and the concept could conceivably have preceded him.

The Gilbreath principle is a mathematical principle that was of course discovered by Mr. Gilbreath. I understand Karl Fulves claims credit for some of the principles involved, but I've also heard controversy and dispute over a the point and I prefer to avoid the issue.

The strip-out shuffle is naturally a logical method; I believe it dates back at least as far as Erdnase in 1902. Variants have been published frequently (one of the more notable examples is "Expert Card Technique" in 1940), though the true examination of the riffle shuffle seems generally to have commenced as a result of or at the time of Ed Marlo's "The Riffle Shuffle Systems". The methods described herein were ones I developed independently based on both hearing of the principle and witnessing demonstrations.

Dai Vernon's Triumph shuffle is of course a creation of Dai Vernon, I learned it from Mr. Lennart Green. I'm not sure how far back Vernon's Triumph dates, but certainly it predates Ed Marlo's "Riffle Shuffle Systems".

The Spade Shuffle is a creation of Ed Marlo.

Push-through shuffling was mentioned by Erdnase in "Expert at the Card Table" in 1902, and thus seemingly pre-dates the work.

Slop shuffling is a concept introduced to me by Mr. Lennart Green though I find it highly unlikely that he was the first to employ it.

The Greek shuffle is one I learned from Mr. Lennart Green, though I understand it predates him and I am not familiar with the origin.

The Zarrow shuffle was a creation of Herb Zarrow and first published in "The New Phoenix No. 346" in 1957. Frank Shank allegedly created the Shank shuffle which is quite similar, but his version was never published until 1972. Some argue the principles involved were first discussed by Erdnase in his 1902 work though this is questionable. Considerable work has gone into modifying the shuffle, one of the earliest and most notable being "The Riffle Shuffle Systems", though there is some controversy regarding these developments.

The Zarrow shuffle is questionable in terms of the credit, I've heard it said that all the principles are in "Expert at the Card Table", but Herb Zarrow was the first to put them together, though there is the dispute I mentioned earlier with the Shank shuffle. I've also heard it suggested that there was actually an earlier source, I credit Zarrow because from what I understand he was treated poorly in the whole affair, but who was truly first may never be known. The manner in which I was taught the technique makes my presentation a bit deceptive. For example, I mention the idea of a center cut out, which I was never taught, but later learned was a part of the original shuffle, in fact I don't believe any aspect I covered originates with me even though I may have stumbled upon it independently.

Finally, special thanks to Stephen Minch, Bill Kalush and others for assistance on the research, which I procured from the internet.

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