all information can be sent in regards to positions of cards, their relationships with others in the row, and names. As a clincher test spread the deck face up and station someone at the light switch with instructions to plunge the room into darkness as soon as he hears another spectator select a card by thumping it heavily with his forefinger. There is no opportunity to signal between time of selection and the time room is darkened. Yet a moment or two after the lights are out the medium names the chosen card.

A more elaborate, but very convincing test of either telepathy or clairvoyance, is to have a bunch of cards laid out as before, whereupon the medium begins to speak immediately, something like this:-

"Before you ask me questions I have a few things to tell you. Looking in a general way at the mental picture of cards that you have formed, I see that there are nine cards on the table. Of these, there are six with spots and three face cards. Insofar as suits are concerned, that is, Clubs, Diamonds, Hearts and Spades, I perceive that all of them are represented. I see also that there are three Clubs, two Diamonds, three Hearts and one Spade. To be specific the Clubs are the two, seven and Jack; the Diamonds are the ten and Queen; the Hearts are the Ace, nine and King, and the Spade is the eight. That is all I can immediately visualise, no, wait a minute. There is another card I have missed - it's very faint, but I am sure it is the Seven of Diamonds." An examination of the face card of the pack shows it to be that card.

Analysis: As quickly as possible count the number of cards laid out and code it at once. The medium has memorised the order in which the various items will be "sent" so she knows automatically what each signal represents. Having received the first item she starts talking as outlined. Meanwhile count the PACE cards and code this number. Simple subtraction in her mind allows her to continue with more information. Now note which suits are represented and wait until medium says "— Insofar as the suits are concerned, that is Clubs, Diamonds, Hearts and Spades, —" As each is mentioned, if there are any flash a short signal so that medium is almost immediately in a position to name all of the suits represented. Mrs. Thompson assigns the name of a suit to each of her four right fingers and bends the "suits" into her palm as signalled. Next is sent how many of each suit there are, using a set order of suit rotation. It is simple to remember the information received as 4012, or, as in the example given here 3231. In sending the values always keep to the same Suit order and start with the lowest value. For the second card signal a number which, if added to the first value already sent, equals the value of the second, etc., for all of the cards. As the medium knows from her bent fingers the suits and from the total remembered exactly how many there are of each suit, she knows which is the last of each suit and, therefore, when to start on the next suit.

When cards are first withdrawn from pack and laid on table contrive to see the face card of deck before same is put aside. Its suit ar*i value are signalled last after the medium has taken care of the cards on the table.

Thus the outline to be followed by both performer and medium is (1) No. of cards: (2) No. of face cards: (3) No. of suits represented: (4) No. of cards in each suit: (5) Value of cards in each suit: (6) Final card on face of deck. In this routine it must be remembered that the medium is trying to create the impression of genuine mindreading and not show how fast she can reveal the facts.

Letters and flfords: Recently X have been attempting to perfect a system for sending alphabet letters. Those familiar with the Morse code are set. Those who are not probably will not want to devote the necessary time to it. At least X didn't and therefore developed the following:

Since there are but two signals available, allow a short flash, or dot, to equal a straight line, and a long flash, or dash, equal a curve. An examination of the capital letters of the alphabet will show that each is made- up of a combination of straight lines and curves. In coding, send just what you see, starting either at the left or at the top of the letter depending upon its construction. It is not necessary to learn any code. For instance, if the letter is B, you will see at the left a straight line, hence signal a dot. Next, two curves (a curve is always consider a semi-circle) are transmitted. An O would be two dashes, a G a dash and a dot, etc cetera. The complete code looks like this:

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