See also Big Mac Cocacola Messaging Feature Touch Cue

Copyright © 1998 - 2001 (David B. Givens/Center for Nonverbal Studies)

NUT SUBSTITUTE

Consumer product. A baked or deep-fried food product (e.g., cookies, crackers, and Fritos®) designed to mimic the taste and crunchy texture of roasted nuts, seeds, or fruits (in the latter case, e.g., stalks of the cashew plant).

Usage. As primates, we are seemingly pre-adapted to enjoy the flavor and texture of nut substitutes. Throughout the Middle East, e.g., crusty breads, pastries, and candies are liberally sprinkled or covered with whole seeds for their flavor, texture, and crunch. Papodams, tortilla chips, and Crackerjacks®--along with taro, yucca, sweet-potato, beet, parsnip, carrot, rutabaga, celery-root, and seaweed chips--are among the thousands of ethnic cuisines designed to satisfy our need for culinary snap, crackle, and pop.

Big crunch. The largest potato chip manufactured by Homo sapiens--nearly two feet across--was made in 1990 of potato flour at the Pringles plant in Jackson, Tennessee. Consumers, however, prefer smaller chips which have the look and feel of finger food. As primates, we are natural finger-feeders who enjoy bringing edibles to our prehensile lips with the sensitive, tactile pads of our hands.

Existential crunch. That crispy snacks so overpower us is because, as an existentialist philosopher might say, they represent an "authentic" form of existence which transcends the desire for softer, "unreal" foods, such as Twinkies®.

Global crunch. The proclivity to commune with our inner-primate self through the tactile medium of grinding is so powerful that, according to the U.S. Snack Food Association, Americans munch an average 21.42 lbs. of chips, popcorn, pretzels, and so on, each year (Hall and Baumann 1994).

Salt craving. A desire for salty snacks (as opposed to, e.g., craving a chocolate bar) may indicate the need for a real meal, according to a study published in the March, 2001 issue of the International Journal of Eating Disorders (Vol.29, pp. 195-204; the study was led by Dr. Lionel Lafay of INSERM in Villejuif, France).

Neuro-notes. Our back teeth and the forward two-thirds of our tongue receive incoming crunch sensations from nut substitutes through branches of the facial nerve (cranial VII). Like flavor cues, texture cues are processed on two levels: a. consciously in the cerebral cortex and b. unconsciously in the limbic system. As crunching registers in the forebrain, nut substitutes provide a pleasurable snack-food experience.

Copyright © 1998 - 2001 (David B. Givens/Center for Nonverbal Studies) Detail from a Wheat Thins® box (copyright 1999 by Nabisco)

antigrav

ANTIGRAVITY SIGN

He, above the rest in shape and gesture proudly eminent, stood like a tower. --John Milton (Paradise Lost, Book I; 1667)

Evolution. 1. One of several nonverbal cues derived from body movements designed to counteract the pull of gravity. 2. An assertive gesture or posture utilizing antigravity extensor and pronator muscles. 3. Specifically, palm-down speaking gestures and dominant postures of the high-stand display.

Usage: We accent our words with authoritative palm-down cues, and show we mean business by squaring our shoulders, lifting our faces and chins, and visibly standing tall. Around the world, antigravity signs are featured in business, government, and military wear (see BUSINESS SUIT).

Paleontology. Fossils of the oldest known North-American amphibian, Hynerpeton bassetti (365 m.y.a.), show that its hands and arms were strong enough to do a pushup akin to the aggressive press-up posture of lizards, basilisks, and iguanas. Hynerpeton's jointed elbows might have permitted the animal to extend its forelegs in what would have been Nonverbal World's first high-stand display. The mobile shoulder girdle and muscular forelimbs would have enabled Hynerpeton to lift its body higher above the earthly plain, to dominate, command respect, and "take charge."

Neuro-notes. Our body's innate ability to show a superior, confident, or haughty attitude through postures engineered to withstand gravity's force--i.e., assuming a higher or lower stance upon the earthly plain-evolved from paleocircuits of the amphibian brain. Antigravity extensor muscles of the neck, trunk, arms, and legs contract when signals are received from cerebellar and vestibular centers responding to pontine reticular nuclei. The latter brain-stem circuits may be excited by emotional stimuli from the limbic system.

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