Cognitive Distortions As Disempowering Thinking Patterns Patterns Of Generalization

1. Over-Generalizing: Jumping to conclusions on little evidence or without facts.

2. All-Or-Nothing Thinking: Polarizing at extremes—black-and-white thinking. Either-or thinking that posits options as two-valued choices.

3. Labeling: Name-calling that uses over-generalizations which allow one to dismiss something via the label, or to not make important distinctions, or that classifies a phenomenon in such a way that we do not engage in good reality-testing.

Pat terns Of Distortion

4. Blaming: Think in an accusatory style, transferring blame, guilt, and responsibility for a problem to someone or something else.

5. Mind-reading: Projecting thoughts, feelings, intuitions onto others without checking out one's guesses with the person, over-trusting one's "intuitions" and not granting others the right to have the last word about their internal thoughts, feelings, intentions, etc.

6. Prophesying: Projecting negative outcomes into the future without seeing alternatives or possible ways to proactively intervene, usually a future pacing of fatalistic and negative outcomes.

7. Emotionalizing: Using one's emotions for filtering information. This style assumes an over-valuing of "emotions" as an information gathering mechanism; involves reacting emotionally to things rather than seeking objective information and using one's reasoning powers.

8. Personalizing: Perceiving circumstances, especially the actions of others as specifically targeted toward oneself in a personal way, perceiving the world through ego-centric filters that whatever happens relates to, speaks about, or references oneself!

9. Awfulizing: Imagining the worst possible scenario and then amplifying it with a non-referencing word, "awful" as in, "This is awful!"

10. Should-ing: Putting pressure on oneself (and others) to conform to "divine" rules about the world and life, then expressing such in statements that involve "should" and "must."

11. Filtering: Over-focusing on one facet of something to the exclusion of everything else so that one develops a tunnel-vision perspective and can see only "one thing." Typically, people use this thinking style to filter out positive facets, thereby leaving a negative perception.

12. Can't-ing: Imposing linguistic and semantic limits on oneself and others from a "mode of impossibility," and expressing this using the "can't" word.

Empowering Thinking Patterns

To counter the ways that cognizing (thinking) can go astray and become distorted (ill-formed) so that we create poor, inaccurate, and dysfunctional maps of the territory, the following list suggests more empowering cognitive ordering. A thorough grounding and training in the meta-model leads to these kinds of thinking patterns. These patterns forecast a more scientific way of thinking.

Hypnosis Plain and Simple

Hypnosis Plain and Simple

These techniques will work for stage hypnosis or hypnotherapy, however, they are taught here for information purposes only. After reading this book you will have the knowledge and ability necessary to hypnotise people, but please do not practice hypnosis without first undergoing more intensive study.

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