Reading a person's mind - td.
Use hypnotic suggestions to get the person to say what they are thinking OUT LOUD in their head. :o) ...then, as they SAY THE WORDS OUT LOUD in their head, look for the tiny movements of the lips and mouth etc. (that sentence was both a guide and an example - notice embedded commands) Simple phrase you may like to start with: "Don't SAY WHAT YOU ARE THINKING OUT LOUD" Speech reading notes td
The trick of lip reading is to understand how sounds are made. As air is forced from the l ungs only several things can mechanically be done with it to produce sounds of speech. It can be fully stopped for a moment to create stops --sounds like p, t, k, b, etc.
It can be fully stopped from coming out the mouth for a moment -- but allowed to come out the nose -- as in sounds like m and n and ng as in sing. It can be fully unblocked, to create the vowels -a, e, i, o, u
It can be only slightly impeded to create the semivowels of y and w.
It can be stopped enough to create a hissing or friction, as in s, f, v, Sounds like b, p, m are called bilabial -- both lips are used. This makes them very visible. Other sounds may be made with a combination of lips and teeth or just tongue movement further back in the mouth, which can be hard to see. Vowels made with the tongue in the back of the mouth are accompanied in English by lip rounding. This is often true of r too.
This makes r and u's and o's easier to see, but can make them harder to distinguish from b, p, and m.
When lip movements provide the best visual information for the hearing impaired these movements are precise but not exaggerated.
Lips are spread towards a smile for the vowels in "Beet," "bit," "bait," and "bet"; the lip opening is rather square for the vowels in "bat," "bite," and "Bart";
they become progressively rounded for the vowels in "bought," "boat," "book ,"and "boot";
slightly pursed for "Burt;
and neutral for the vowels in "but" and "above."
Lip movements are quite visible for the consonants /p/. /b/, /m/,/w/,,/wh/,/f/, /v/, /sh/, and /zh/. The teeth play a visual role for consonant phonemes /f/,/v/, /th/(voiced), and /xh/(unvoiced "th" as in "thick").
Teeth are closest to occlusion for /s/ and /z/ and widest apart for /a/, /ah/, and /aw/.
Usually the tongue tip is seen when articulating the two "th" phonemes, and the underside of the tongue tip is sometimes visible for /t/,/d/,/n/,/l/,/ch/,/j/,/y/, and possibly /r/.
It is difficult to see the underside of the tongue tip for /s/ and /z/ because the teeth are so close together for these sounds.
The back-of-tongue vowels and consonants /k/,/g, and /ng/ are invisible unless you hold a powerful flashlight at just the right angle and the mouth is wide open. Forget them!
the term "speech reading" rather than "lip reading" because people who "speech read" really do watch facial expressions, tongue, and jaw movements in addition to the lips.
Emphasise lip rounding of the back vowels such as /aw/in "caught," /oh/ in "coat," /oo/ in "cook," and /ue/ in "cool."
Failure to round the lips for these sounds is a very common sight in people with sloppy articulation.
Spread your lips towards a smile for the high front vowels such as /ee/ in "feet," /i/ in "fit/, the diphthong /ay/ in "fate," and the /e/
in "bet." The lip spread becomes less pronounced as you approach the /e/.
Pay special attention to the lip/tongue/jaw movements of consonants which are potentially most visible:
/p/, /b/, /m/, /w/, /wh/, /f/, /v/, /sh/, /zh/, /t/, /d/, /n/, and /l/. GANETAUK
Bonus Effect - Coin Date Prediction
I've added this effect in as a little bonus. It's not as strong as the others, but I only found out about it myself the other day. You don't get a whole script like for the other effects, so if you're looking for that, stop reading now! I just thought I'd throw it in here as a little freebie for you!
No matter what country you live in, new coins are released from time to time. In the UK a new version of the 10p came out in 1992. This meant that in 1992, all the old style 10p coins in circulation had to be collected and new 10p coins were issued in their place. Of course new 10p coins are made every day, but the majority are dated 1992. This means that there is a very high chance that a 10p coin will be dated 1992 (although as the months go on, the effect becomes less reliable.) If you don't live in the UK don't worry. Just look for a coin who's design has changed in the last 15 years and use that. If the change is very recent, people may work it out as they will remember that it is a new design. After 5 years or so however, that will not be the case.
Just ask someone if they have a 10p coin in their wallet. Ask them to get it out and look at the date... but tell them you don't want a coin that says 1996. (1996 was another year when a lot of 10p coins were issued, by saying you don't want 1996 you increase you chances of being correct.)
Once they have found the coin, ask them to hold it in their fist. Then look in their eyes, read their body language pretend to do whatever fits you style so they think you are working out the date in a psychological manner.
Finally reveal 1992. When I perform the trick I first say that its 1990 something, then say its an even year. Then say "Its 1992". By revealing it in stages you get confirmation from the subject that you are right. if you are wrong then just guess!
A Model for Powerful Close-Up Performance
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