A roulette player who is doing business with the dealer can past pest at will and consequently must end up a winner. Al he has lodo is take care not to do it when die floorrnan is aromd, assuming he is not also in on the scam.
At eraps, a dealer can help his ageni not only by ignoring his past posting but also by shie ding the action from the rest of the crap crew. A crap table layout is divided into two identical halves with one dealer assigned to take and pay bets on each halt" It is the job of the boxman who sits between the dealers to oversee one of diem while the stickman watches the other. Sometimes, at a busy table, two men will sit box, one to watch each dealer. A
il ) Gambling Scam crooked dealer may station his agent next to him at the corner of the table. When the shooter sevens-out, the dealer must collecl the losing pass line bets before he pays off tire winning don't-pass bets The agent will have a stack ot chips in his hand. As the dealer leans lorward to collect the pass line bets, his body will momentarily screen the agent's arm from the view of the bo.vman or stickinan. In that instant the agent will place his stack oi chips on the don't-pass line. The only person who can see the action is the crooked dealer As soon as he has collected the pass-line bets, the dealer pays off the don't-pass wagers, including lis partner's bet.
The most extensive past-posting conspiracy I know of occurred a few years ago at die San Remo Casino in Italy. About one-third or Lie croupiers were involved in a scam to allow agents to past post at roulette. The fraud eventually came to light when the dealers goL so greedy dial casino profits dropped by over 3D percent. In r.ll, more than forty croupiers received prison terms.
Card counters are aiurher type* of payer who appreciates being iguoied. Counters are professional blackjack players who have the ability to keep track of every card that has been dealt and therefore determine what cards are still available for play. Through their mastery of the mathematics of the game, they can use that information to vary the size of their bets and determine the play of each hand. This gives them a mathematical edge over the house.
The ability to change the size of one's her from one hand to the next is critical to success at card counting. 'The counter increases his bet when :lic composition of the remaining cards indicates that he has a particular y good chance of winning the next hand, he decreases his bet when his chances ot winning the next hand are poor. Unfortunately, it is this bet variation pattern that makes the counter vulnerable to Wing spotter by casino bosses and barred from play. Prudent counters limit their bet variations, bu: this also limits their profits.
Siitcc the card counter is only using his intellectual skill to win, lie is doing nothing dishonest. However, counting and cheating have two things in common: first, if you play long enough, you arc sure of winning; second, if the casino catches you, they will throw you out. "1 liese two factors are why card counters sometimes become involved in c asino conspiracies. It a blackjack Moorman conspires with a card counter, he will instruct the counter to conic into the casino during his shift and play at one of the tables assigned to
the floorman. Since the floorman is the casino employee with primary responsibility for spotting and barring counters, the card counter knows that he can -low p ay freely and vary his bets substantially (which means greater profits) without rear. The player ai d the doorman later split the profits. This scam has become fairy widespread in recent years and sometimes involves casino executives higher up than tloo.men.
In Chapter IV we saw the lengths to which crossroaders will go to learn the identity of a blackjack dealer's hole card. They will seek out front-loading dealers, use spooks, glims, daub, nail nicks, and crimps. However, the task becomes far easier when the dealer is working as one's partner This is one of the most common types of cheating scams involving casino personnel. Of course, the dealer can tell the player his hole card only if he knows what it is. The dealer is not allowed to look at his hole eaid until the player has finished plaving his hand. Tlie one exception occurs when the dealer has an ace or a ten-value card showing. When that happens, the dealer must check his hole card to sec if he has a natural before the player is allowed to act on his hand. If the dealer does have a natural, he wins. I lowev^r. if he does not have a perfect blackjack, a knowledge of his hole caid can he invaluable to the player in deciding how to play his hand.
The rules oi blackjack specify that the dealer must draw cards until he lias a total of 17 or better. Therefore, il is valuable to the player to know whether the dealer has a pat hand (17 or more), or whether he has a "still" (16 or less), in which case lie will have to take a hit and will piobably bust. If the dealer has a pal hand, the player knows he must hit until he has 17 or better in order to have any chance of winning. But if the dealer has a stiff, the playci will stand even on a low total, knowing lie will probably win because uf a dealer bust without his having to take the ris< of hitting. It is this information—whether the hand i.s pat or stiff that the dealei will signal to the player after having checked his hole card.
course, casinos are on their guard against dealer signaling and strictly proscribe what actions a dealci may lake at the table, partially to make signalling more difficult Many casinos don't even allow tin ir dealers to talk to players urless absolutely necessary. However, when all the dealer has to do is signal something as simple as whediei his I and is pat or stiff, there is
fin 11 ply no way for management to prevent it or detect it. As an example of how easily it can be done, consider this signaling system thai was used hy one dealer I know of. When a dealer cheeks his hole card lie docs so hy lifting the inner end of the two hack-to-hack cards with his thumb; when this dealer wanted to signal a stiff, he would let the end or the cards snap oft his thumb; when he wanted to signal a pat hand, he would gendy lower the inner end of the cards back to the table. This is only one ot an almost infinite number of tiny hand or facial gestures that could be. used to convey the information.
If you ever play blackjack iu Atlantic City, you will notice that, unlike Nevada casinos, the dca.cr is not allowed to look at bis hole card until the end of the hand even if he does have an ace or ten up Now you know why-it is to prevent dealers from employing die above cheating technique
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