## The Backward Deal

In this deal, the right hand takes the card inwards, towards the dealer, so that the taken card ends up just behind the deck after which the right hand moves forward over the deck to eventually sail the card to the table. This "over the pack" action holds true on the left side and front but, of course, not on the performer's deal to the right.

### Principle of the Wrist Turn

While many sources have described the action of a Wrist Turn not one has ever chosen to look upon it as a Principle. One has only to note the myriad of uses the Wrist Turn has been put to and he will quickly become conscious of the fact that it is more than just an

Figure 220

action.

To give a few examples of the application; This Principle has been put to use in False Counts especially the one by L.L. Ireland in which the Wrist Turn has been applied to both hands to give a visually deceptive false count. Other uses of the Wrist Turn Principle will be found in Chapter 2; Action Palms both for palming and replacing cards. It has been used by others to cover up the fact that the second card remains reversed after a double lift, in which only the top card is removed as well as in some Top Changes and Bottom Changes. Here it is applied to a Bottom Deal as well as a Second Deal.

In the case of a Bottom Deal the Figure 220 shows how the bottom card would appear if it were pulled straight out while Figure 221 shows the same

Bottom Deal using a Wrist Turn.

In doing the Wrist Turn for the Deal you must remember an important point. With the right 2nd finger you merely press on the bottom card but do not move it out. Instead the left hand executes the Wrist Turn leaving the bottom card in the fingers as per Figure 221.

When you yourself cannot actually see the action depicted in Figure 220 then you are doing it correctly.

The Figure 222 shows the same deal without a Wrist Turn, while Figure 223

shows the same deal again, but here, using a Wrist Turn. Again, when you yourself cannot see the card coming out, then you know you are on the right track.

You must have a logical excuse for the Wrist Turn in False Deals. The best excuse is the One Hand Stud Deal, That is because a wrist turn is an inherent part of the deal itself. In the case of the Face Down Second or Bottom Deals the continuous Wrist Turn will give a visual deception but whether this is worth the suspicion the action would arouse is questionable.