Card Switches

Rear Flat Palm Rear Angle Palm Thumb Clip Palm Latest Thumb Clip Palm Changing Palm Positions Flat Card Pickup Rear Angle Palm To Flat Rear Palm Flat Rear Palm To Rear Angle Palm Getting Into The Palm Positions Methods of Unloading The X Card After The Switch The Flexible Unload Suggestions The Card Switch Transfer Single Card Switches An Impressive Sequence A Simpler Sequence A Third Sequence Further Alignment Move Switches Variations of the First Switch Mario's Card Switch Additional Methods For Getting Into The Basic Position Methods of Disclosure Effects Using The Mario Card Switch Mario's Push Switch Push Switch Variation The Circular Change (Mario and D'Amico) Rub-A-Dub Change (Mario) In And Out Switches Unloading Switches Without The Deck Pseudo Card Cheat's Switches Simplest Push Switch Angle Palm Switch Four and Four Transposition Additional Rear Palm Switches Top Palm [Switch The Throw Switch One Hand Switch Another Rear Palm Switch The Spread Switch Switcheroo Monte Swindle Mario's Regulation Palm Switches Added Notes

It is very difficult to make a clear distinction between "CardChanges", "Card Exchanges", and "Card Switches" yet some attempt at defining the difference should be made. Perhaps one general definition would be to say that a Card Change is one where the face of the card is noted and later it is shown to be another card. Thus the card has been Changed. A "Card Switch" would then be one in which a card or cards, either noted or unknown, would apparantly be taken to still be the same cards although an Exchange or Switch had been made. Still even this is not quite the answer as even in Card Changes the original card is taken to be that card until it is shown to be another card. Maybe this is the difference - that in a true Card Switch you do not show it to be another card but it is taken to be the original card or cards. In other words the approach of a Card Switch differs from that of a Card Change. Therfore it is evident that so called Card Changes can also become Card Switches. As an example- the Curry Change is used to turn a face up card face down. Later the card is shown to be different. A Card Change has taken place. On the other hand a card is face down and no one knows its identity. It is turned face up but in the process "Switched or Exchanged" for the top card of the deck thus revealing the face of the card for the first time. Naturally it is taken to be the same card that was previously face down and apparantly no change had taken place.

Having somewhat clarified the meanings of Changes and Switches I will try to be careful and make these distinctions whenever it becomes necessary.

The Card Switch is a simpler problem for the card cheat as he has at all times the excuse of using both hands as he apparantly checks, looks or peeks at his card or cards. The uniformity of action is his greatest weapon outside of being suspect free. The card man, doing card effects, in most cases has no such excuse; however, he has the advantage of other alternatives which are logical and in keeping with the invented premise. He can move the card from one place to another, he can turn the card over, in a gesture he can ask the spectator to hold his hand on the card, he can pick up the card to look at it then toss it down again but he can not take the furtive look or peek, associated with looking at the 'Hole Card", without any logical reason for so doing.

The card man's action must be more open and conform to the effect in question. It can for that reason be more deliberate providing the Switch is done cleanly and with no hesitation.

The various Card Switches and Changes to be described are based on principles inherent with such slights but all the methods here described, as well as their underlying techniques, are of my own creation unless otherwise stated. At times I have supplied the logic for a particular Switch or Change; however, in others I have described only the basic action of the Switch leaving the student to decide his own course. This naturally could mean that only the logic of one Switch be transferred to the one preferred.

Most important in Card Switches are the various Palm Positions and I will deal with this first. Basically these consist of the Rear Flat Palm, Rear Angle Palm, Thumb Clip Palm and the Latest Thumb Clip Palm; however, at times there may be others mentioned, such as the regular palm, in the text that follows.

Rear Flat Palm

In this the palmed card is held as seen in Figure 1, with its upper corners at the base of the 4th finger and ball of

Figure 1

the thumb. The thumb presses in against the side of the card thus keeping it in place.

Note that the palmed card is well back and in fact the fingers can spread without the card being seen; however, care must be taken, at the base of the 4th finger, so this corner does not peek out. Also be sure that card does not jut out either side of the palm especially near the wrist. With the card Rear Flat Palmed the fingers can be extended and the hand held flat on the table or it can be held with all four fingers curled into the palm. Figure 1 shows the right hand but either hand can be used.

Rear Angle Palm

Here the grip on the palmed card is such that the right side of the card lies along that part of the palm in line with the 4th finger while the extended thumb maintains pressure on the left side of the card at about its center, Figure 2 shows the position of the card in the right hand.

Figure 2

Figure 2

Note that the card is held in place by the ball of the right thumb going diagonally across the left side of the card; however, at times the joint below the

THUMB CLIP PALM

ball of the thumb can keep the card in place. The Rear Angle Palmed Card can lie anywhere from the tips of the fingers to further back but the position shown in Figure 2 is the desired one when dealing with these Card Switches. Either hand can be used for this palm.

Thumb Clip Palm

Also commonly known as the Gamblers Flat Palm, I have changed its name to avoid confusion with the Rear Flat Palm and besides, the card is clipped with the thumb so the above name seems more appropriate.

Figure 3

The palm is seen in Figure 3 and is practically self explanatory. I may add I that at times the 4 th finger comes in to clip the outer corner of the card against the 3rd finger. In this case the hand can be lifted above the table when needed. Again either hand can be used for the palm.

Latest Thumb Clip Palm

This type of palm is reported to be used by the elite of the Holdout" card sharps. Basically the starting position is that of the Flat Rear Palm as in Figure 1 and from here the fingers curl in towards the palm thus forcing the card well past the base of the fingers after which the thumb "Clips" the card at the upper corner as in Figure 4. Note that the card is past the base of the fingers thus enabling the fingers to [really be spread out as they apparantly move some object or another card.

Care must be taken that the card does not show at the rear part of the hand near the wrist. To get the card back into the Rear Flat Palm all you do is move the fingers in again and pull the card forward, with the tips of the fingers, until the card comes into position for the Rear Flat Palm. The moving in and out of the fingers is of course covered by some plausible pretext such as moving other visible objects with the hand that has the card palmed. The left or right hand can be used for the palm.

Figure 4

The above four basic palm positions will be used in most of the Switches with perhaps variations entering in other forms of the Switches. A primary rule to keep in mind is that the hand or hands move close to the table or working surface during the Switches with few exceptions. While either hand can be used the descriptions, for the various Switches, will be given for the right hand as doing the major work. One more detail - be sure the palmed card does not peek out between the 3rd and 4th fingers. This is a major fault even among good palmers almost regardless of what type of palm they use.

Changing Palm Positions

An important requisite for Card Switches is the changing of a card from one palm position to another in order to give greater freedom of movement to the hand palming the card. A special Flat Card Pickup of my own invention will be described first as it will be of great use in many of the Switches.

Flat Card Pickup

This consists in a card being flat on the table and the hand being placed palm down onto the card. As you can see it is impossible to lift the hand and have that card come away with it unless you have unusually wet palms. The following technique will enable you to get the card into either a Flat Rear Palm or Rear Angle Palm.

1. To get the card into a Flat Rear Palm. Keep the hand flat on the card but the 1st finger is bent inwards until its nail contacts the upper corner of the card.

2. Now the nail having engaged the edge of the card, the 1st finger is bent in still further causing the card to buckle upwards as in Figure 5 which shows an exposed view with the thumb out of the way.

3. When the card is buckled, as in Figure 5, the thumb presses against it and the 1st finger straightens out again. You will note that the card is now lifted off the table at the upper corner as in Figure 6 which again is an exposed view. Normally the thumb and 1st finger would be close together to hide this condition.

4. At this stage the lifted corner is held by pressure of the thumb and all four fingers are extended and close together. The next step is to curl the four fingers in and under the card at the same time the card is worked into the Rear Flat Palm position. Once the card is securely gripped, as in Figure 1, the fingers can once more be extended.

5. To get the card into a Rear Angle Palm Proceed as per Steps 1 and 2 as in Figure 5, where the 1st finger has buckled the card. At this point the thumb moves in against the buckled card but the 1st finger does not straighten out. Instead it is curled in above the card while the 2nd finger comes in under the card. The upper corner of the card is thus clipped, for the moment, between the 1st and 2nd fingers while the other fingers curl in normally with this action as seen in Figure 7, a bottom view of the grip.

Figure 7

6. The 1st and 2nd fingers now swing the card outwards in order to enable the ball of the thumb to engage the side of the card as in Figure 8 which is

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